Astronomy and Astrophysics

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Editor(s):
Oddbjorn Engvold, Rolf Stabell, Bozena Czerny , John Lattanzio
Volume(s):
2
Published:
2012
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Adobe Reader PDF
Platforms:
Windows *SE+, Mac OS X+, Linux
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Book Contents

Astronomy and Astrophysics theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias.

The Theme on: Astronomy and Astrophysics with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, represents a first inspiring introduction to natural science, especially among young people, which is an extra motivation to many scientists to contribute to the Astronomy and Astrophysics Theme of this Encyclopedia.

The first chapter which treats the development of astronomy and astrophysics in a historical perspective is followed by an account of the impact of astronomy on human culture and civilization. Observational astronomy is facing a number of environmental challenges. The nature and complexity of these and how the associated problems are met and overcome are described in the third article. Various aspects of our solar system are covered by authoritative articles on the Sun, planets including their satellites and smaller bodies, plus a review of the laws of motions and orbits of celestial bodies. The detection and studies of exo-solar planetary systems is rapidly developing field in astronomy which is treated in a separate chapter. Then follow fascinating up-to-date overviews on stars describing their formation, structure and life cycles. Stars are the building blocks of larger cosmic entities leading to the enigmatic galaxies composed of billions of stars, and gradually to clusters of galaxies. The final chapters cover the origin and evolution of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the Universe, including dark matter and dark energy which are among the most fascinating problems of physics today.

These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners and Research personnel.

Oddbjørn Engvold (born 7 April 1938) is a Norwegian astronomer. He was born in Askim. His specialty is solar physics, and he was appointed as a professor at the University of Oslo in 1989. He was secretary general of the International Astronomical Union from 2003 to 2006 and a member of the board of Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters from 1993 to 1998.

Rolf Stabell, University of Oslo, Norway Bozena Czerny, Copernicus Astronomical Center, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland John Lattanzio, Monash University, Victoria Australia

Table of Contents (35 Chapters)
  • 1. A History Of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

    Malcolm Longair
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    Volume : 1
  • 2. High Energy Astronomy From The Ground

    Felix Aharonian
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    Volume : 1
  • 3. Observatories in Space

    Catherine Turon
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    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 1
  • 4. Explorations in Space: Astronomy in the Space Age

    Erik Tandberg
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 5. The Motion Of Celestial Bodies

    Kaare Aksnes
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 6. Our Sun: The Nearest Star

    Jack Bernard Zirker
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    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 1
  • 7. Planets Of Our Solar System

    Iwan P. Williams
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    Volume : 1
  • 8. Extra-Solar Planetary Systems

    Alfred Vidal-Madjar
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    Volume : 1
  • 9. The Physics of Stars

    Christopher A. Tout
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    Volume : 1
  • 10. General Overview of Continuum Mechanics

    Jose Merodio,Anthony D. Rosato
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    Volume : 1
  • 11. Introduction to Continuum Mechanics

    J. Merodio,G. Saccomandi
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 12. History Of Continuum Mechanics

    Robert W. Soutas-Little
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 13. Kinematics

    Anurag Gupta,David J. Steigmann
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    Volume : 1
  • 14. Balance Laws

    Anurag Gupta,David J. Steigmann
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 15. Thermodynamics

    L. Deseri,G. Marcari,G. Zurlo
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    Volume : 1
  • 16. Constitutive Theories: Basic Principles

    I-Shih Liu
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    Volume : 1
  • 17. Simple Constitutive Models for Solids and Fluids

    Manuel Doblaré, Estefanía Peña, and Jose F. Rodríguez
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    Volume : 1
  • 18. Linear Elastostatics

    J.R. Barber
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    Volume : 1
  • 19. Single Stars

    Sylvie D. Vauclair,Gérard P. Vauclair
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    Volume : 2
  • 20. The Milky Way Galaxy

    James Binney
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    Volume : 2
  • 21. Galaxies

    K.C. Freeman
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    Volume : 2
  • 22. Active Galactic Nuclei

    Suzy Collin,Bożena Czerny
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    Volume : 2
  • 23. Dark Matter

    Jaan Einasto
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    Volume : 2
  • 24. Expansion Of The Universe - Standard Big Bang Model

    Matts Roos
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    Volume : 2
  • 25. “Let There Be Light”: The Emergence Of Structure Out Of The Dark Ages In The Early Universe

    Abraham Loeb
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    Volume : 2
  • 26. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    Marco Limongi
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    Volume : 2
  • 27. Chemical Enrichment of the Universe By Stars

    John C. Lattanzio
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    Volume : 2
  • 28. Environmental Challenges In Astronomy

    Paul Murdin
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    Volume : 2
  • 29. Climate and Weather of the Sun - Earth System

    Ilya Usoskin,Natalie Krivova
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    Volume : 2
  • 30. Linear Elastodynamics And Waves

    M. Destrade,G.Saccomandi
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    Volume : 2
  • 31. Elementary Fluid Dynamics

    G. Bergeles
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    Volume : 2
  • 32. Thermoelasticity

    D. Ieşan
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    Volume : 2
  • 33. Nonlinear Elasticity And Its Role In Continuum Theories

    Alan Wineman
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    Volume : 2
  • 34. Fundamental Applications: Solid Mechanics

    M. Elices, V. Sánchez-Gálvez, A. Valiente, J. Llorca and G.V. Guinea
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 2
  • 35. Applications To Fluid Mechanics: Water Wave Propagation

    I. J. Losada and J. A. Revilla
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 2
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