UNESCO-EOLSS Online presents peer reviewed scientific chapters related to Medicinal Plants. It is thematically organized archival content in many traditional disciplines and interdisciplinary subjects with including the coverage of transdisciplinary pathways. The contributions are from thousands of scholars from over 100 countries and edited by more than 350 subject experts. It also includes up-to-date coverage of various aspects of sustainable development that are relevant to the current state of the world
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The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Indigenous (Traditional) medicine is defined as “the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures that are used to maintain health, as well as to prevent, diagnose, improve or treat physical and mental illnesses". The World Health Organization (WHO) welcomes innovations around the world including repurposing drugs, traditional medicines and developing new therapies in the search for potential treatments for COVID-19.
Indigenous medicine comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine. In some Asian and African countries, up to 80% of the population depends on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs. The Indigenous medicine (traditional medicines) includes traditional African, Ayurveda, Chinese, European, Iranian, Islamic, Korean, Siddha, Tibetian and Unani traditional medicine.
The world has been relying on the Ayurvedic system of medicine from ages. In India, doctors may soon start human trials of Ayurvedic medicines of Ayush Medicines.
WHO recognizes that traditional, complementary and alternative medicine has many benefits and Africa has a long history of indigenous medicine and practitioners that play an important role in providing care to populations. For example, medicinal plants such as Artemisia annua are being considered as potential sources of medicines for preventing/treating COVID-19 and should be tested for efficacy and adverse side effects. Even if therapies are derived from traditional practice and natural, establishing their efficacy and safety through rigorous clinical trials is critical. Recently Madagascar - The Mérieux Foundation deploys diagnostic and Research Expertise on the Ground. It is based on traditional medicinal plants Artemisia. Artemisia annua, the source of hugely successful anti-malarial, artemisinin. It is one of the first studies in which scientists are investigating the function of these plant substances in connection with COVID-19, as per the head of the study. https://www.dw.com/en/covid-19-tests-for-miracle-cure-herb-artemisia-begin/a-53442366
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|Last Modified On : 27 Oct 2020|