Ethnopharmacology

eBook
Editor(s):
Elaine Elisabetsky, Nina L. Etkin
Volume(s):
2
Published:
2009
Format:
Adobe Reader PDF
Platforms:
Windows *SE+, Mac OS X+, Linux
Security:
Settings
Add to cart
Book Contents

Ethnopharmacology is a component of Encyclopedia of Biological, Physiological and Health Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias.

Ethnopharmacology is the scientific study correlating ethnic groups, their health, and how it relates to their physical habits and methodology in creating and using medicines. This Theme on Ethnopharmacology presents the field as an amalgam of perspectives, primarily those of pharmacology, pharmacognosy, anthropology, and botany. It highlights the uniquely biocultural perspective on ethnopharmacology offered by medical anthropology, which underscores that health and healing are culturally constructed and socially negotiated. The definition of ethnopharmacology that frames this volume is: the study of indigenous medical systems that connects the ethnography of health and healing with the physiological relevance of its medical practices. The history of botanical medicines is traced from primate self-medication to contributions to biomedicine. The methods of ethnopharmacologic inquiry are presented from pharmacologic, ecological, ethnographic, data management, and ethical perspectives. Chapters are devoted to plants used in the treatment of specific disorders: cancer, parasitic infection, AIDS, inflammation, diabetes, and cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders. The important role that plant medicines play in the developing world is revealed in discussion of ritual and ceremony, safety issues, health care, and biodiversity.

These two volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Dr. Elaine Elisabetsky, Ethnopharmacologist and Professor at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil) researched and taught four ten years at the Brazilian Amazon. Her focus of research includes ethnopharmacology among cablocos (rural peasants), Amerindian Peoples (Guajajara and Kayapó), and rubber tappers (extractive reserves) communities, conservation and sustainable development. She has given specific notice to locally held concepts of health and disease, and stressed that a culturally relativistic perspective is necessary in conducting ethnopharmacologic field and laboratory work. She has developed plant selection criteria that combine traditional knowledge and working hypothesis for pharmacologic scrutiny aiming to maximize the potential for successful drug development based on ethnopharmacologic collections. She specializes in identifying and characterizing psychopharmacologic properties of medicinal plant extracts or isolated compounds. She has been President of the Brazilian Society of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology, and International Society for Ethnopharmacologyn, and was a founding member for the International Society of Ethnopharmacology and the International Society of Ethnobiology. She is part of the editorial board of the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Phytomedicine, Pharmaceutical Biology and Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais and Evidence Based Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Nina Etkin is Professor and Graduate Chair, and directs the Medical Anthropology Program, at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa. Her research centers on two domains that are linked through a co-evolutionary theoretical perspective: (1) Studies of ethnomedicine juxtapose ethnographic data on the cultural construction and social negotiation of health to pharmacologic assessments of indigenous plant medicines and foods, in northern Nigeria, eastern Indonesia, and Hawai’i. (2) Investigations of human biological variability focus on the pathophysiology of inherited red blood cell disorders and their protection against malaria infection. Professor Etkin has published extensively, forging intellectual and practical links to understand the dialectic of nature and culture in diverse ecologic and ethnographic settings. She has just completed a book entitled An Ethnopharmacology of Foods. Her edited volumes include Eating on the Wild Side (1994, University of Arizona Press), Plants for Food and Medicine (1998, Kew Royal Botanic Garden), Medicines: Meanings and Contexts. 1994, University of Amsterdam Press), and Plants in Indigenous Medicine and Diet (Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1986). Professor Etkin is past President of the International Society for Ethnopharmacology

Table of Contents (21 Chapters)
  • 1. Ethnopharmacology: An Overview

    Elaine Elisabetsky,Nina L. Etkin
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 2. Historical Foundations of Botanical Medicine

    Daniel E. Moerman,
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 3. Insights into Evolutionary Systems Via Chemobiological Data

    Otto R. Gottlieb and Maria Renata de M. B. Borin,
       Preview
    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 4. Contemporary Methodological Approaches in the Search for New Lead Compounds from Higher Plants

    Emerson F. Queiroz, Andrew Marston and Kurt Hostettmann,
       Preview
    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 5. Integrating Ethnographic and Ecological Perspectives for Ethnopharmacology Field Research

    Nina L. Etkin,Tamara Ticktin,
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 6. Managing Ethnopharmacological Data: Herbaria, Relational Databases, Literature

    J. R. Stepp,M. B. Thomas
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 7. Professional Ethics and Ethnopharmacology

    Kelly P. Bannister
       Preview
    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 8. "Medicinal Plants in the Evolution of Therapeutics" A Case of Applied Ethnopharmacology

    Fernando Ortega
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 9. Plants as a Source of Anti-Cancer Agents

    G. M. Cragg and D. J. Newman
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 10. Traditional Medicinal Plants for the Treatment and Prevention of Human Parasitic Diseases

    Merlin L Willcox,Benjamin Gilbert
       Preview
    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 11. Plants and Plant Substances Against AIDS and Other Viral Diseases

    P. Cos, L. Maes, D. Vanden Berghe,N. Hermans, S. Apers, A.J. Vlietinck,
       Preview
    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 2
  • 12. Botanical Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

    João B. Calixto, Maria Martha Campos,Adair R.S. Santos
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 13. The Search for Plants to Manage Diabetes

    Steven R. King,Charles Limbach
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 14. Medicinal Plants for the Prevention and Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease

    Gail B. Mahady,
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 15. The Search for Plants to Manage Neurodegenerative Diseases

    P.J.Houghton,M-J.R.Howes
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 16. Psychoactive Botanicals in Ritual, Relegion, and Shamanism

    G.H. Shepard Jr.
       Preview
    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 2
  • 17. Primates,Plants,and Parasites:The Evolution of Animal Self-Medication and Ethnomedicine

    Michael A. Huffman,Sylvia K. Vitazkova
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 18. Ethnopharmacology and Health Care in the Developing World

    R. Kutalek and A. Prinz,
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 19. Safety of Traditional Remedies

    Michael Heinrich
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 20. Medicinal Plants in International Trade: Conservation and Equity Issues

    Sarah A. Laird
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 21. The Future of Ethnopharmacology: Seeking a Transdisciplinary and Culturally Germane Science

    Nina L. Etkin,Elaine Elisabetsky
       Preview
    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
Show More >>
<< Show Less
Close

Add to Shopping Cart


Chapter Added to Shopping Cart.