Integrated Global Models of Sustainable Development is a component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias.
In the 21st century the human society is facing the challenge of sustainable development with constraints of global environmental changes. In order to cope with poverty and international per capita income disparity (IPCID), there should be further needs for economic development to provide employment opportunities against “Terrorism and refugees". The coverage in three volumes tires to show a possibility of sustainable development from a global viewpoint by using alternative policy simulations. The chapters are organized so that the readers might understand archived historical trends in global modeling for sustainable development. Starting from global models in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, the updated latest modeling works are also included as far as possible. The chapters deal with roles of integrated global models, scope and methodologies and policy implications. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Akira ONISHI, born in 1929, is Director, Centre for Global Modeling, professor emeritus, former vice president, Soka University, economics and global modeling educator. His academic background is both economics and systems engineering. He got Ph.D. in Economics from Keio University and Ph.D. in Engineering from Tokyo Institute of Technology. He had an opportunity to work at the United Nations ESCAP and the ILO, 1966-70. Then he has served at Soka University, Tokyo. Dean, Department of Economics, 1976-91. Dean, Graduate School of Economics, 1976-1991. Director, Soka University Institute for Systems Science (SUISS), 1990- 2001. Dean, Faculty of Engineering, 1991-95. Dean, Graduate School of Engineering, 1995-99. Vice President, 1989-2001.Visiting professor, Westminster Business School, 2002. He served as President of Japan Association of Simulation and Gaming, 1993-97. He received many academic awards. The International Biographical Roll of Honor to the Global Modeling Profession from American Biographical Institute, USA, 1989. The first Supreme Article Award from the Japanese Association of Administration and planning, 1991. The 20th Century Award for Achievement from the International Bibliographic Centre, Cambridge, England to Global Modeling, 1993. The Excellent Article Award from ECAAR, 1997. The Japan Assn. Simulation and Gaming Award, 1998. 2000 Outstanding Intellectuals of the 20th Grand from the IBC, 1999. He was selected as First Five Hundred in 2000 for the service to Economics by the IBC. He has made a great contribution to global modeling through numerous articles and conferences. He is well known as an original designer of FUGI (Futures of Global Interdependence) global model. The United Nations Secretariat, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs adopted this model for the long-term projections and policy simulations of the world economy from 1981-1991. During the period, 1985-86, he designed the Global Early Warning Systems for Displaced Persons (GEWS) under the auspices by the United Nations Independent Committee of Human Rights. See Onishi A. (2003b) FUGI global model for early warning of forced migration (http://www.forcedmigration.org ) Forced Migration Online, Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford.
The UNCTAD Secretariat has officially adopted the FUGI global model for the projections of the world economy and policy scenario simulations since 2000. He has served as an honorable theme editor of Integrated Global Models of Sustainable Development in Encyclopedia: EOLSS, UNESCO.