Tropical Biology and Conservation Management

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Editor(s):
Kleber Del Claro, Paulo S. Oliveira, Victor Rico-Gray
Volume(s):
11
Published:
2009
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This Encyclopedia of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias.

Tropical environments cover the most part of still preserved natural areas of the Earth. The greatest biodiversity, as in terms of animals and plants, as microorganisms, is placed in these hot and rainy ecosystems spread up and below the Equator line. Additionally, the most part of food products, with vegetal or animal origin, that sustain nowadays human beings is direct or undirected dependent of tropical productivity.

Biodiversity should be looked at and evaluated not only in terms of numbers of species, but also in terms of the diversity of interactions among distinct organisms that it maintains. In this sense, the complexity of web structure in tropical systems is a promise of future to nature preservation on Earth. In the chemicals of tropical plant and animals, could be the cure to infinite number of diseases, new food sources, and who knows what more. Despite these facts tropical areas have been exploited in an irresponsible way for more than 500 years due the lack of an ecological conscience of men. Exactly in the same way we did with temperate areas and also tropical areas in the north of Equator line. Nowadays, is estimated that due human exploitation, nation conflicts and social problems, less than 8% of tropical nature inside continental areas is still now untouchable. The extension of damage in the tropical areas of oceans is unknown. Thus so, all knowledge we could accumulate about tropical systems will help us, as in the preservations of these important and threatened ecosystems as in a future recuperation, when it was possible. Only knowing the past and developing culture, mainly that directed to peace, to a better relationship among nations and responsible use and preservation of natural resources, human beings will have a long future on Earth.

These volumes, Tropical Biology and Natural Resources was divided in sessions to provide the reader the better comprehension possible of issue and also to enable future complementation and improvements in the encyclopedia. Like we work with life, we intended to transform this encyclopedia also in a “life” volume, in what new information could be added in any time. As president of the encyclopedia and main editor I opened the theme with an article titled: “Tropical Biology and Natural resources: Historical Pathways and Perspectives”, providing the reader an initial view of the origins of human knowledge about the tropical life, and what we hope to the future. In the sequence we have more than 100 chapters distributed in tem sessions: Tropical Ecology (TE); Tropical Botany (TB); Tropical Zoology (TZ); Savannah Ecosystems (SE); Desert Ecosystems (DE); Tropical Agriculture (TA); Natural History of Tropical Plants (NH); Human Impact on Tropical Ecosystems (HI); Tropical Phytopathology and Entomology (TPE); Case Studies (CS).

This 11-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It is the only publication of its kind carrying state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Kleber Del-Claro is a biologist with doctorate in Ecology by State University of Campinas (Unicamp) in Brazil. Since 1992 is a teacher at Federal University of Uberlândia (UFU), where between 2003 and 2007 was the coordinator of the graduate program in Ecology. Kleber is the coordinator of the international cooperation agreement between UFU and the University of Missouri, St. Louis (UMSL), USA. He is a researcher from the Brazilian Council of Research, Science and Technology (CNPq) since 1996. At UFU and other Brazilian universities he was instructor of several master and doctoral thesis in ecology and animal behavior developed in the tropics. His scientific history, books and publications are available in: www.leci.ib.ufu.br. In 2005 he was the president of the “Frontiers in Tropical Biology and Conservation” meeting, settled in Brazil (Uberlândia), the annual meeting of Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC) and supported by the Brazilian Society of Ethology (SBEt, now President for the second time)

Table of Contents (102 Chapters)
  • 1. Tropical Biology and Natural Resources: Historical Pathways and Perspectives

    K. Del-Claro
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 2. The Importance Of Natural History Studies To The Knowledge Of Tropical Plants

    H. M. Torezan-Silingardi
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 3. Seasonally Dry Deciduous Forests: Diversity And Soils In Arboreal Communities

    A. R. T. Nascimento, G. M. Araújo,J. M. Felfili
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 4. MORPHOLOGY AND ANATOMY OF TROPICAL FLOWERS

    Luiz Antonio de Souza and Ismar Sebastião Moscheta
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 5. Tropical Aquatic Plants: Morphoanayomical Adaptations

    Edna Scremin-Dias
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 1
  • 6. Natural History And Ecology Of Neotropical Mistletoes

    Rafael Arruda,Rodrigo F. Fadini,Fabiana A. Mourão and Claudia M. Jacobi,Grazielle Sales Teodoro
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 7. Plant Strategies For Seed Dispersal In Tropical Habitats: Patterns and Implications

    Natália O. Leiner, André R.T. Nascimento and Céline Melo
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 1
  • 8. Impact Of Humanity On Tropical Ecosystems: An Overview

    Oswaldo Marçal Júnior
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 9. Deforestation and Forest Fragmentation In The Amazon

    William F. Laurance,Heraldo L. Vasconcelos
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 10. Human impact on tropical freshwater environments

    Marcos Callisto and Marcelo S. Moretti
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 2
  • 11. Effects of Pollution and Wildlife Toxicology in Tropical Ecosystems

    Yaico Dirce Tanimoto de Albuquerque,Flávia Nogueira de Sá and Maria Teresa Raya Rodriguez
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    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 2
  • 12. Contributions of Human Ecology to Conciliate People and Biodiversity with a Focus on Fishing Communities

    R.A.M. Silvano,A. Begossi
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 2
  • 13. Introduction to tropical agriculture and Outlook for Tropical Crops in a Globalized Economy

    F. J. Morales
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 3
  • 14. Biological Control Of Insect Pests In The Tropics

    M. V. Sampaio,V. H. P. Bueno and L. C. P. Silveira,A. M. Auad
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 3
  • 15. Tropical Fruit Crops and the Diseases that Affect their Production

    R.C. Ploetz
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 3
  • 16. Tropical Livestock: Production and Management

    G. A. Morales
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 3
  • 17. The Conservation and Utilization of Crop Genetic Resources in the Tropics

    W. Roca, C. Ynouye, C. Espinoza, C, Zorrilla, A. Salas, R. Gómez, A. Panta and I. Manrique
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 3
  • 18. Tropical Botany: A Brief Introduction

    F.R. Scarano,U. Lüttge
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 4
  • 19. Flooded Forests

    F.R. Scarano
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 4
  • 20. Aquatic Macrophytes in the Tropics: Ecology of Populations and Communities, Impacts of Invasions and Use by Man

    S. M. Thomaz,F. A. Esteves,K. J. Murphy,A. M. dos Santos,A. Caliman,R. D. Guariento
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 4
  • 21. Inselbergs: Vegetation, Diversity And Ecology

    Manfred Kluge,Burkhard Büdel
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 4
  • 22. Moist Tropical Forests: Structure, Function and Management

    U. Lüttge
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 4
  • 23. Neotropical Mangroves

    L.D. de Lacerda
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 4
  • 24. Tropical Artificial Forests

    D.J. Capossoli, J.B.B. Sansevero, M.L. Garbin and F.R. Scarano
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 4
  • 25. Sandy Coastal Vegetation

    D.S.D. Araujo,M.C.A. Pereira
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 4
  • 26. Marine Algae and Plants

    M. A. O. Figueiredo,J. C. Creed
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    Volume : 4
  • 27. Rain Forests:Floristics

    F. Z. Saiter,T. Wendt,D. M. Villela,M. T. Nascimento
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 4
  • 28. Epiphytes

    Fernanda Reinert and Talita Fontoura
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 4
  • 29. Cerrado

    Augusto Cesar Franco,Mundayatan Haridasan
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 4
  • 30. Symbiotic Bacteria And Fungi

    E.K. James,M. Fomina,S.M. de Faria
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 4
  • 31. Introduction To Tropical Ecology

    M. Quesada,K. Del Claro
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 32. Diversity of Prokaryotes,fungi, protozoa, Bryophytes and Pteridophytes in tropical ecosystems

    Ana Paula Trovatti Uetanabaro,Aristóteles Góes-Neto,Luiz Henrique Rosa,Alexandre Salino,Alfredo H. Wieloch,Carlos A. Rosa
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 5
  • 33. Rainforest Structure And Dynamics

    Leandro da Silva Duarte,Gabriel Selbach Hofmann
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 5
  • 34. Tropical Communities

    Sandra Maria Hartz and Ronei Baldissera
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 5
  • 35. Tropical Dry Forest Structure, Distribution and Dynamics

    B. Hayden,D. Greene
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 36. Habitat fragmentation, Edge effects and Biological Corridors in Tropical Ecosystems

    Julieta Benítez-Malvido and Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 37. Macroecology

    José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho,Renata Alves da Mata
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 38. Evolutionary Ecology of Pollination and Reproduction of Tropical Plants

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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 39. Seed Dispersal and Frugivory in Tropical Ecosystems

    K. E. Stoner and M. Henry
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 40. Importance Of Tropics To Global Carbon Cycle

    F. Roland,J.P.Ometto,N. Barros,F. Pacheco,R. Mendonça,A. Assireu,L. Martinelli
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 41. Origins And Maintenance Of Tropical Biodiversity

    Jean Carlos Santos and Jarcilene Almeida-Cortez
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 5
  • 42. Introduction To Neotropical Entomology And Phytopathology

    A. Bonet,G. Carrión
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 6
  • 43. Effects of Climate change and Habitat Fragmentation on Tropic Interactions

    M.J. Klapwijk and O.T. Lewis
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 6
  • 44. Chafers,Rhinoceros and Fruit Beetles of the Canopy in Tropical Forests

    M. A. Morón
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 6
  • 45. Tropical Plant and Soil Nematodes:Diversity and Interactions

    Rosa H. Manzanilla-López,David J. Hunt
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 6
  • 46. Beetles as Indicators for Forest Conservation in Central America

    E.B. Cano and J.C. Schuster
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 6
  • 47. Sexual Selection in Tropical Insects

    R. Cueva del Castillo
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 6
  • 48. Diversity,Ecology and Systematics of Smut Fungi

    Meike Piepenbring
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 6
  • 49. Insect Vectors of Tropical Diseases

    Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 6
  • 50. Insect Viruses:Diversity,Biology and Use as Bioinsecticides

    Jorge E. Ibarra and M. Cristina Del Rincón-Castro
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 7
  • 51. Phylogeny,Biology,Behavior and Management of Tephritid fruit Flies:An Overview

    J. Rull
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 7
  • 52. Insect vectors of phytoplasmas

    R. I. Rojas-Martínez
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 7
  • 53. Effects of Aflatoxins Contaminating Food On Human Health

    Magda Carvajal and Pável Castillo
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 7
  • 54. Tropical Insect Chemical Ecology

    Edi A. Malo
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 7
  • 55. Passalidae, Insects which live in Decaying Logs

    M. L. Castillo and P. Reyes-Castillo
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 7
  • 56. Insects As Plant Virus Vectors

    Daniel L. Ochoa Martínez
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 7
  • 57. Insect Conservation

    Michael J. Samways
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 7
  • 58. Parasitoids Wasps, Natural Enemies Of Insects

    A. Bonet
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 7
  • 59. Introduction To Tropical Zoology

    R. H. Macedo,M. R. Morris
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 60. Classification and ecology of major tropical insect groups

    Ivone R. Diniz,Helena C. Morais
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 61. Terrestrial Vertebrate Diversity and Demography in Tropical Ecosystems

    Marcos Robalinho Lima,Raphael Igor Dias,Daniel Paz Decanini
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 62. Threats to Amphibians in Tropical Regions

    Jean-Marc Hero and Kerry Kriger
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 63. Reptile Diversity in an Amazing Tropical Environment:The West Indies

    L. Rodriguez Schettino
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 8
  • 64. Tropical Bird Communities

    Rafael Maia and Eduardo S. A. Santos
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 65. Ecology and Behavior of Tropical Primates

    Juan Carlos Serio-Silva,Jessica Lynch Alfaro,Laura Teresa Hernández Salazar
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 66. The Foraging Strategies Of Primates

    P.W. Lucas
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    Volume : 8
  • 67. Communication Systems in Tropical Terrestrial Vertebrates: An Overview

    Gabriel Francescoli
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 68. Evolution of Sociality and cooperation in tropical animals

    Regina H. Macedo,Daniel P. Decanini,Jefferson A. Graves
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 69. Mating Strategies of Tropical Insects

    R. Macías-Ordóñez,L. Mendoza-Cuenca
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    Volume : 8
  • 70. Mating Systems and Strategies of Tropical Fishes

    O. Rios-Cardenas,M. R. Morris
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 71. Breeding Strategies of Tropical Birds

    Alexandre Ferreira de Souza Dias,Rafael Maia and Raphael Igor Dias
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 8
  • 72. Extinction of Species in the Tropics

    Carlos Eduardo Viveiros Grelle,Maria Alice S. Alves
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 8
  • 73. Desert Ecosystems: An Introduction

    Silvio Carlos Rodrigues
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 9
  • 74. Geomorphology and Biogeography of Tropical Deserts

    Silvio Carlos Rodrigues,Gelze Serrat de Souza Campos Rodrigues
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 9
  • 75. Desertification in the Tropics

    Dirce Maria Antunes Suertegaray and Roberto Verdum
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 9
  • 76. Desert Ecosystems in India

    T.S.Chouhan,U.K.Sharma
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    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 9
  • 77. Desert ecosystems and global climate change

    Xiaoping YANG, Nina MA and Jufeng DONG
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 9
  • 78. Ecology of Tropical DEserts in Special Reference to Biogeography & Evolution of Desert Animals

    T.S.Chouhan,U.K.Sharma
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    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 9
  • 79. Archaeo-Historical Environment and Significance of Ancient Agriculture in Tropical Deserts

    Farooq Ahmad
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 9
  • 80. Ecology of Tropical Deserts in Special Reference to Arid Plant Physiology

    T.S.Chouhan,U.K.Sharma
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 9
  • 81. Nutritional Aspects in Trachypogon Savannas as Related to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycling

    Danilo López-Hernández and Ismael Hernández-Valencia
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 10
  • 82. Plant Adaptations to Rainfall Seasonality in the Savannas of Central Brazil

    Augusto C. Franco
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 10
  • 83. Fire in NeoTropical Savannas

    Mario R. Fariñas and Juan F. Silva
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 10
  • 84. Reproductive Biology Of Tropical Plants

    Cláudia Inês da Silva and Helena Maura Torezan Silingardi
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 10
  • 85. Pollination Ecology of Neotropical Savannas Vegetation

    Nelson Ramírez
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 10
  • 86. Are there Germination Patterns for CerradoSpecies?

    M. A. Ranal,D. G. Santana,I. Schiavini
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    Price : US$22.50
    Volume : 10
  • 87. Birds In The Tropical Savannas

    Alexandre Gabriel Franchin,Rafael de Freitas Juliano,Mieko Ferreira Kanegae,Oswaldo Marçal Júnior
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 10
  • 88. The Herpetofauna Of The Neotropical Savannas

    Vera Lucia de Campos Brites,Renato Gomes Faria,Daniel Oliveira Mesquita,Guarino Rinaldi Colli
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    Price : US$27.00
    Volume : 10
  • 89. Diptera of Tropical Savannas

    Júlio Mendes
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 10
  • 90. Bees of the Brazilian Savanna

    Isabel Alves-dos-Santos
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 10
  • 91. The Capybara, its Biology and Management

    J. Ojasti
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 10
  • 92. Tropical Savannas - Introduction

    Gerhard Gottsberger and Ilse Silberbauer-Gottsberger
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 10
  • 93. Mangroves of the Reef Domain: A Case Study in Belize

    Ilka C. Feller,Klaus Ruetzler
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 11
  • 94. Tropical Insect Diversity - How to Sample it

    J. T. Longino
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
  • 95. The Impact of Forest Fragmentation on Populations of New World Primates

    Stephen F. Ferrari
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
  • 96. Life in the Treetops – A Concise Summary of Forest Canopy Ecology

    Margaret D. Lowman
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 11
  • 97. Natural History of Amazon Fishes

    Lucelia Nobre Carvalho,Jansen Zuanon,Ivan Sazima
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    Price : US$15.00
    Volume : 11
  • 98. The danger of introducing bee species, A case study on Brazilian Tropical Savanna

    Helena Maura Torezan Silingardi
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
  • 99. Diversity of Tropical Spiders - Ground-Dwelling Species of Brazilian Savannas

    Marina Farcic Mineo,Kleber Del Claro
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
  • 100. Natural History and Social Behavior in Neotropical Pseudoscorpions

    Everton Tizo-Pedroso,Kleber Del-Claro
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
  • 101. Natural History Of Tropical Parasitoid Wasps

    M. O. Gonzaga
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
  • 102. Termites and Ecosystem Function

    Og DeSouza,Eliana Marques Cancello
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    Price : US$7.50
    Volume : 11
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