History and Philosophy of Science and Technology is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias.
The Theme on History and Philosophy of Science and Technology in four volumes covers several topics such as: Introduction to the Philosophy of Science; The Nature and Structure of Scientific Theories Natural Science; A Short History of Molecular Biology; The Structure of the Darwinian Argument In The Origin of Species; History of Measurement Theory; Episodes of XX Century Cosmology: A Historical Approach; Philosophy of Economics; Social Sciences: Historical And Philosophical Overview of Methods And Goals; Introduction to Ethics of Science and Technology; The Ethics of Science and Technology; The Control of Nature and the Origins of The Dichotomy Between Fact And Value; Science and Empires: The Geo-Epistemic Location of Knowledge; Science and Religion; Scientific Knowledge and Religious Knowledge - Significant Epistemological Reference Points; Thing Called Philosophy of Technology; Transitions from Function-Oriented To Effect-Oriented Technologies. Some Thought on the Nature of Modern Technology; Technical Agency and Sources of Technological Pessimism
These four volumes are aimed at a broad spectrum of audiences: University and College Students, Educators and Research Personnel.
Pablo Lorenzano was born in Buenos Aires, 1962. Degree in Philosophy from the National University of Mexico, 1986. Ph.D. in Philosophy from the Free University of Berlin, 1995. He has experience as Undergraduate and Graduate Professor at several institutions from Argentine, Brazil, Mexico, Spain, Germany, and as Visiting Professor and Researcher in Brazil, Mexico, Spain and Germany. He is currently Full Professor of Philosophy at the National University of Quilmes, Argentine, since 1998. He is also member of the National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), from Argentine. Among others, he has published the following books: Geschichte und Struktur del klassischen Genetik, Frankfurt am Main, 1995; Desarrollos actuales de la metateoría estructuralista: problemas y discusiones, Quilmes, 2002 (co-edited with J.A. Díez); Filosofía e Historia de la Ciencia en el Cono Sur, Quilmes, 2002 (co-edited with F. Tula Molina); Ciências da vida: estudos filosóficos e históricos, Campinas, 2006 (coedited with L.A.-C.P. Martins and A.C. Regner); Filosofía e Historia de la Ciencia en el Cono Sur, Vol. 2, Buenos Aires, 2008 (co-edited with H. Miguel); and Filosofía de la Ciencia, Quilmes, 2004; and several articles published in journals and anthologies in Argentine, Brazil, Mexico, Spain, The Netherlands and Germany. His main research areas are the general philosophy of science, the philosophy of biology, the history of biology, and the history of analytic philosophy. He was Vice-director (1997) and Director (1998-2001) of the Studies and Research Center, and Director (2002-2004) of the Institute of Science and Technology Studies of the National University of Quilmes. He was Vice-president (2000-2002) and President (2002-2004) and is (since 2005) Member of the Consultative Committee of the Association for Philosophy and History of Science from the South (AFHIC). He also was Secretary of the Latin American Society for History of Sciences and Technology (SLHCT) (2000-2004). He is Member of the Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences (AIPS), and of several Argentinian and international societies.
Hans-Jörg Rheinberger was born in Grabs (Switzerland) in 1946. From 1966 to 1973 he studied philosophy in Tübingen and Berlin, Germany. After receiving his M.A. in philosophy in 1973, he began studying biology in Berlin and received his Ph.D. in 1982, and completed his habilitation in molecular biology in 1987. His main topics of interest are protein-synthesis, the history of molecular biology and the history and epistemology of experimentation. In 1982 Rheinberger became a researcher and head of a group of scholars at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin. A sabbatical at Stanford University in the Program of the History of Science from 1989 to 1990 was followed by a lectureship at the Institute for the History of Medicine and Science at the University of Lübeck, Germany, and an Associate Professorship in Molecular Biology and History of Science at the Institute for Genetics and Biology, University of Salzburg, Austria until 1996. Since 1997, he has been a Scientific Member of the Max Planck Society and Director at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin.
He has published: Toward a History of Epistemic Things (1997); Experimentalsysteme und epistemische Dinge (2001); with Frederic Holmes and Jürgen Renn: Reworking the Bench: Research Notebooks in the History of Science (2003); with Jean-Paul Gaudillière: Classical genetic research and its legacy: the mapping cultures of twentieth-century genetics, and: From molecular genetics to genomics: the mapping cultures of twentieth century genetics (2004); Iterationen (2005); Epistemologie des Konkreten (2006); with Staffan Müller-Wille: Heredity Produced: At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500-1870 (2007).
Prof. Dr. Rheinberger is Member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Science, and of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina; he is also Honorary Professor at the Technical University Berlin, Honorary Doctor of the ETH Zürich, and Editor of NTM, Journal of History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Eduardo Ortiz, Imperial College, London, UK
Carlos Delfino Galles, FCEIA-UNR, Pelligrino 250, Rosario 2000, Argentina