Medical Sciences is a component of Encyclopedia of Biological, Physiological and Health Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias.
This 2-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Medical Sciences and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.
Boutros-Pierre Mansourian, (MB,ChB,MD,Mphil,PhD,DIC) is a medical graduate from the Universities of Cairo and Lausanne. He pursued his postgraduate training in the University of London (biomedical engineering, neurophysiology, and epidemiology) before joining WHO in 1969, with the Division of Research in Epidemiology and Communication Science. A few years later he was appointed to the Office of Science and Technology, an advisory unit to the Director General. He continued with that office (subsequently renamed Research, Promotion, and Development), serving as its Director from 1994 until retirement (1998). He published original work in a wide range of fields including neurophysiology, medical informatics, systems analysis (transfer function of the vestibulo-ocular control system), and epidemiology (digital filters and pattern recognition techniques in epidemiological variables). He served as Secretary of WHO’s Advisory Committee on Health Research, and participated closely with that body in the formulation of research strategies and policy principles for the Organization during the 1980s and 1990s. In his coordinating roles he has been instrumental in promoting new methodologies such as remote sensing, systems modeling, and artificial intelligence in various WHO programmes. Mansourian is an elected member of the US Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (1968), the Belgian Royal Academy of Overseas Sciences (1998), and the City and Guilds of London Institute (1999). He is also a member of the Royal Society of Medicine andthe New York Academy of Sciences.
A. Wojtczak, Institute for International Medical Education, NY, USA
Soheir Mahfouz, born in Cairo, Egypt 1950, is a medical graduate from Cairo University. She pursued her postgraduate studies and training in Kasr El Ainy Teaching Hospital, which is the main teaching hospital for Cairo University. She was appointed in the Pathology Department, Cairo University as Pathology instructor 1976-1980, Assistant lecturer 1980-1984, Lecturer 1984-1989, Assistant professor of pathology and acting responsible for the Cytology Unit 1989-1994. She was appointed as Professor of Pathology in 1994. In 1998 she became Head of Pathology University of 6th of October Faculty of Medicine, where she served from 1998-2001. She then became Head of Cytology in 2003 at the Pathology Department, Cairo University. Mahfouz was also Electron Microscopy Representative: EM unit at NEMROCK (Kasr El Ainy Center of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Oncology) 1985-1993 and member in the project of earlier detection and brachytherapy management of cancer cervix uteri: 1986-1989, sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Association IAEA and World Health Organization (WHO). Mahfouz is a member of the Egyptian Association of Laboratory Medicine, Paleopathology Association and a member of the Egyptian Society of Pathologists as well as a member of both the International and Arab division of the International Academy of Pathology. At present (2006) she is a member of the Curriculum development team and on the committee for undergraduate curricula development, in addition to being the acting responsible for the Histopathology MRC Path program of the Royal college of Pathologists in Egypt.