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Human Settlement Development

Edited By: Saskia Sassen

Department of Sociology, The University of Chicago, USA

1. Urban Sustainability and the Regional City System in the Asia Pacific

Peter J. Marcotullio, Department of Urban Engineering, University of Tokyo and Visiting Fellow, United Nations

University, Institute of Advanced Studies, Japan


Urban Sustainability, Built Heritage, and Globalization in the Cuban Capital

Joseph Scarpaci


A Rural Migrant Community in Urban Beijing

Fei Guo,Department of Business, Division of Economic and Financial Studies, Macquarie University, Australia


Bangkok: Are Industries Generating a Sustainable City?

Valérie Chambers,Graduate Institute of International Studies, University of Geneva, Switzerland


Settlements as Socio-Technological Systems: Study of Singapore as an Urban Eco-system

Goik-Ling Ooi, Institute of Policy Studies, Singapore


Sustainable Human Development in a Medium-sized City: The Example of Freiburg, Germany

Peter W. Heller, The swiss-german CANOPUS FOUNDATION, Germany


Megalopolitan development and the transformation of rural Japan: sustainability implications of extended metropolitan  areas in Asia

Andre Sorensen


Cities, Competitiveness, and Cohesion: Evidence from Central Scotland

Ivan Turok, Department of Urban Studies, University of Glasgow, UK

Nick Bailey, Department of Urban Studies, University of Glasgow, UK

Iain Docherty, Department of Urban Studies, University of Glasgow, UK


Free-Trade and Changing Patterns of Cityward Migration: The Case of Mexico

Christof Parnreiter, The Institute for Urban and Regional Studies, Austrian Academy of Sciences and The University

of Vienna, Austria


Supporting Urban Small-Scale Manufacturers: The Case of Emerging Black-Owned Enterprises in Gauteng, South Africa

Christian M. Rogerson, Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, South



The City as a Sociotechnological Site: The Case of Exchanges in Financial Centers

Carlos H. Betancourth, Dutch Ministry of Physical Planning, the Environment and Housing VROM, Colombia


2. Peri-Urbanization: Zones of Rural - Urban Transition

Douglas Webster, Asia Pacific Research Center, Stanford University, United States

Larissa Muller, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California at Berkeley, United States


Planning the Sustainable City: A Political Ecology of Urban Growth in Zanzibar

Garth Andrew Myers, Departments of African and African American Studies and Department of Geography, University  of Kansas, USA


Urban Poverty Reduction in India - Towards Building Successful Slum-Upgrading Strategies

Alison J. Barrett, Cities Alliance, India

Richard M. Beardmore, The World Bank, USA


Curitiba, Brazil: A Positive Reference for Urban Development

Jonas Rabinovitch


Urbanization and Environmental Degradation in Jordan

David Higgitt


Livelihoods, Urbanization, and the Rural-Urban Interface in African Growth-based Economies: The Case of Botswana

Fred W. Krüger


Kiosk Business in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania: From informal to formal economy

Colman Titus Moka


3. Urban Sustainability: Theoretical Perspectives on Integrating Economic Development and the Environment

David Gibbs, Department of Geography, University of Hull, UK


Air Pollution and Its Control Strategies in Beijing, China

Hao Jiming


Water and Sustainability in Asian Megalopolises: The Case of Beijing

James E. Nickum, International Relations, Tokyo Jogakkan College, Japan


A Case Study of Mitigating Air Pollution Emissions at Traffic Light Junctures

Wan Hashim Wan Ibrahim


The Environmental Impact of Bombing on Industrial Sites throughout Yugoslavia during the 1999 Conflict

Macrin Gabriel Desa, Organizations Department, Michelin, Romania


Urban Social Vulnerability to Disaster in Greater Los Angeles

Ben G. Wisner, Environmental Studies Program, Oberlin College, USA


Urbanization and Desertification in European Mediterranean Coastal Areas: A Case Study in North-Western Sardina

(Alghero, Italy)

Giuseppe Enne


Shanghai: Population Planning and Urban Sustainability

Yongyuan Yin, AIRG/Environment Canada, and Sustainable Development Research Institute, University of British

Columbia, Canada

Guixin Wang, Population Research Institute, Fudan University, China


Urban sustainable indicators - A case study from Hong Kong

Stephen S.Y. Lau


4. Rural Sustainability

Christopher Bryant, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Montreal, Canada

Denis Granjon, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Montreal, Canada


Traditional Land Use for Sustainable Development: The Case of Yunnan Province, China

Yang Zisheng


Regional Rural Development in Punjab Province: an Environment-Based Approach for Guiding Decisions on Industrial  Location

Awais L. Piracha, School of Construction, Property and Planning, University of Western Sydney, Australia

Hideharu Morishita, Department of Information and Policy Studies, Aichi Gakuin University, Japan


Informal Settlements and their Upgrading: Building on the Lessons of the Three Decades of Experience

Emiel A. Wegelin, Urb Act - International Advisory Services for Urban Action, The Netherlands


The Renewal of Rural Sustainability in the Czech Republic

Vladimir Kremsa


The New Rurality in the Regional Periphery of Central Mexico

Javier Delgado


Integrated Watershed Management: Basic Concepts and Issues

Ghopal B. Thapa, Integrated Watershed Development and Management Program, School of Environment, Resources

and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand


Mineral Extraction, Economy and the Urban Environment: the Role of Foreign Direct Investment in Economies in

Transition and Developing Countries

Diana Urge-Vorsatz, Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy, Central European University, Hungary

Maia An, Civil Society Development Foundation, Hungary


Sustainable Future Urban Patterns and Socio-Economic Activities of Tropical Wetlands in Southeast Asia

Ahmed Sanusi Hassan, School of Housing, Building & Planning, University of Science, Malaysia


5. Using Foreign Direct Investment to Improve Urban Environmental Infrastructure and Services: The Case of Hanoi


Nyugen Thi Bin Minh, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand


Temporary Migrants in Shanghai, China: Housing Choices and Patterns

Weiping Wu, Department of Urban Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA


Renewable Energy Policy, Planning and Practice in Cities and City-Regions

Peter Droege


Self-Sustainability for the Management of Water Cycles at the Local Level

Erich Roberto Trevisiol, IUAV-DP-LABSLA, Italy


Indicators of urban sustainability in the United States: a framework for measuring progress

John M. Blair, Centre for a Sustainable Built Environment, Faculty of the Built Environment, University of New South

Wales, Australia


Urban Infrastructure Development and Sustainability in Nigeria

Vincent I. Ogu


Organizational Puzzle of Solid House Waste Management in Porto-Novo

Ir Houinsou Dedehouanou


6. The Long Way Towards Sustainable Cities and Sustainable Mobility: The Dutch case

Hugo Priemus


Urban Freight Transportation and the Quantifiable consequences of Inefficient Planning on Urban Sustainability

Hostilio Xavier


Transportation and Urban Sustainability

Lal C. Wadhwa, School of Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, James Cook University, Australia


Recharging the Rural-Urban Vector: A Case Study of the Impacts of Rural Improvements in Bangladesh

Karen Coelho


Land Transport Policies and Strategies for a Sustainable Transport System

Maria Choy, Land Transport Authority, Singapore

Teo Yee Lan, Land Transport Authority, Singapore


Environmental Sanitation Indicators for Upgraded Slums: the case of Jardim Floresta Slum (FAVELA) in the City of São Paulo

Alex Kenya Abiko, Escola Politecnica of the University of São Paulo, Brazil

Marco Antonio Placido de Almeida, School of Civil Engineering and School of Architecture and Urban Planning of

the University of Mogi das Cruzes, Sao Paulo, Brazil


Municipal Solid Waste Management in 3rd World Cities: Lessons Learned and a Proposal for Improvement

Martin Medina

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment and Municipal Solid Waste Management

Eric Williams, United Nations University/Institute of Advanced Studies, Japan


7. The Participatory City

Voula Mega


Urban Environmental Problems: Implications of Rapid Urbanization without Adequate Urban Governance in Lesotho

Tsepiso Mohapi


Mexico City: Individual and Collective Responses to Urban Environmental Deterioration

Haydea Izazola, Department of Methods and Systems, Sciences and Arts for Design, Universidad Autónoma

Metropolitana-Xochimilco, Mexico


Linking Participation, Empowerment and Sustainability: The South African Experience

Michael Lyons, BT Laboratories, Martlesham Health, UK


Sustainable Transportation, Economic Viability, and Social Equity: The Case of Bogota, Colombia

Aaron Golub


The Political and Social Agenda in Policymaking in the Urban Sector: The Case of Egypt (1950s-1990s)

M. Hamza, Fichtner GmbH & Co. KG, Germany


Decentralization and Sustainable Human Development: An Analysis of Local and Municipal Councils in Iran

Pooya Alaedini, United Nations University/Institute of Advanced Studies, Tokyo, Japan

Siamak Namazi, Atieh Bahar Consulting, Iran


8. Rural Development: Participation and Diversity for Sustainability

Juha I. Uitto, Global Environment Facility (GEF) at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in New York, USA


Investigating the Concepts of Legality and Legitimacy in Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study of Land Use

Planning in Maputo, Mozambique

Paul Jenkins, Centre for Environment & Human Settlements (CEHS), School of the Built Environment, Heriot-Watt

University, UK


Patterns of Economic Affluence and Environmental Degradation in Houston, Texas

Judith A. Cherni, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Centre for Environmental Technology, UK


Urban Poverty and the Need for a New Urban Ethics: the case of Sao Paulo

Gian Matteo Apuzzo


Coping with Urban Social Vulnerability to Hazards in Tokyo: Current Status of Disaster Mitigation Plans and its


Shigeo Takahashi, Department of Economics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan


 The Degradation of Work in the Global Economy: Low Income Women and The Precarious Labor Market in Sao Paulo

Simone Buechler


Victims, Villains and Fixers: the Urban Environment and Johannesburg’s Poor


Urban Segregation and Sustainability in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Sueli Ramos Schiffer, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of São Paulo, Brazil


The Five Cities of Buenos Aires: An Essay on Poverty and Inequality in Urban Argentina

Michael Cohen


 Missing Links: Neighborhood and State Initiatives Against Crime in Capetown, South Africa

Sophie Oldfield, Environmental and Geographical Science Department, University of Cape Town, South Africa


9. The Cities, the State and the Markets: In Search of Sustainability

Marisa Carmona

The Effects of the Transition in Hungary on the Urban Environment

Walter Hook


The Role of Clientelism in Sustainable Development: Case Study Kocaeli/Turkey

Basak Koyuncu


Greening London

Anne Bartlett


The Memorandum of Understanding on Child Labor, Export Oriented Garment Production in Bangladesh, and Urban


Ethel Brooks


The National-Local Policy Vacuum in Sustainable Land Use Planning: Al Quatif Oasis, Saudi Arabia

Faez Al-Shihri


Technical Process, Political Realties: Sustainable Development and the South Durban Strategic Environmental


Zarina Patel, School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa


Interpreting the Regulatory Geography of Sustainable Development: The Rise of the Sustainable City in the UK

Mark Goodwin, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK

Mark Whitehead, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK



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