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Biological Science Fundamentals and Systematics


Edited by : Giancarlo Contrafatto,

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Natal, South Africa
Alessandro Minelli,

Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy


1. History and Scope of the Biological Sciences


Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

History of Biology
Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

Characteristics of Living Beings
Pietro Omodeo, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Italy

Levels of Biotic Organization
Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

Population, Species and Communities
Juergen Tomiuk, Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Division of General Human Genetics, University of Tubingen, Germany
Lutz Bachmann, University of Oslo, Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden, Zoological Museum, Norway

Philosophy of Biological Sciences
Alberto Mario Simonetta, Department of Animal Biology and Genetics "Leo Pardi", University of Florence, Italy

2. The Origin and Evolution of Early Life


Martino Rizzotti, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

History of the Hypotheses on the Origin of Life
Antonio Lazcano, Mexico

Requirements for the Hypotheses on the Origin of Life
Antonio Lazcano, Mexico

The Building Blocks of Primitive Life: Origin and Formation
André E. Brack, Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, France
James P. Ferris, Department of Chemistry, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA

From The Building Blocks to Life
André E. Brack, Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, France
James P. Ferris, Department of Chemistry, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA

The Earliest Anaerobic Life and the Early Aerobic Life
Martino Rizzotti, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

3. Evolution


Saverio Forestiero, Dipartimento di Biologia, Facoltà di Scienze Matematiche Fisiche e Naturali, Università di Roma "Tor Vergata", Italy

History of Evolutionary Theory
Barbara Continenza, Dipartimento di Ricerche Filosofiche, Facolta di Lettere e Filosofia, Universita di Roma "Tor Vergata", Italy

The Darwinian View of Life
Barbara Continenza, Dipartimento di Ricerche Filosofiche, Facolta di Lettere e Filosofia, Universita di Roma "Tor Vergata", Italy

Evolution and the Species Concept
Peter John Taylor, Durban Natural Science Museum, South Africa

Speciation and Intraspecific Taxa
Giancarlo Contrafatto, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Natal, South Africa

Peter John Taylor, Durban Natural Science Museum, South Africa

Natural Selection and the Effects of Ecological Interaction on Populations
Piero Cervella, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy
Massimiliano DelPero, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy
Giampaolo Zampicinini, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Torino, Italy

Cell and Tissue Structure in Animals and Plants
Michael K. Richardson, Institute of Evolutionary and Ecological Sciences, Leiden University, The Netherlands
L. Goosen-de Roo, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, Clusius Laboratory, Leiden University, The Netherlands

Biological Homeostasis
Pietro Omodeo, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Italy

Patterns and Rates of Species Evolution
Michael James Benton, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, UK

4. Classification and Diversity of Life Forms


Alessandro Minelli, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy
Giancarlo Contrafatto, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Natal, South Africa

Historical Review of Systematic Biology and Nomenclature
Alessandro Minelli, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

Metabolic Diversity in Procaryotes and Eucaryotes
Aharon Oren, Division of Microbial and Molecular Ecology, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo
Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Diversity of Form, Function and Adaptation in Microorganisms
Aharon Oren, Division of Microbial and Molecular Ecology, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo
Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Diversity of Form, Function and Adaptation in Fungi
Silvano Onofri, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Tuscia in Viterbo, Italy
Alessandra Belisario, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Italy

Diversity of Form, Function and Adaptation in Animals
Ernesto Capanna, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Universita di Roma "La Sapienza", Italy

Classification of Viruses
Alan Smith, Virology Department, University of Natal, South Africa
Edward Peter Rybicki, South Africa

Schools of Taxonomy
Daniel F. Goujet

Evolutionary and Molecular Taxonomy
Eric H. Harley, Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Cape Town Medical School, South Africa

5. Systematics of Microbial Kingdom (s) and Fungi


John C. David, CABI Bioscience, UK
Gerry S. Saddler, Diagnostics and Molecular Biology, Scottish Agricultural Science Agency, UK

Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria
Aharon Oren, Division of Microbial and Molecular Ecology, The Institute of Life Sciences, and the Moshe Shilo
Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Protoctista
Carolina Mudespacher Ziehl, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapala, Mexico
Irma E. Lira, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapala, Mexico

Systematics of Funji
Silvano Onofri, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Tuscia in Viterbo, Italy
Alessandra Belisario, Plant Pathology Research Institute, Italy

Lichens
Mauro Tretiach, Department of Biology, University of Trieste, Italy
Pier Luigi Nimis, Department of Biology, University of Trieste, Italy

6. Systematic Botany


Ashley Nicholas, School of Life & Environmental Science, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa

Algae
Francisco F. Pedroche, Departamento de Hidrobiologia, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa & University Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley, Mexico

Bryophytes
Claudio Delgadillo-Moya, Departamento de Botánica, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, Mexico

Pteridophytes
Monica Palacios-Rios, Mexico
Klaus Mehltreter

Flowering Plants: Generalities and Gymnosperms
Mandy-Jane Balkwill

Angiosperms
Kirschner John Parnell, Ireland

7. Systematic Zoology: Invertebrates


Ronald A. Jenner, Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Frederick R. Schram, Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Porifera, Cnidaria, and Ctenophora
Giorgio Bavestrello, Istituto di Scienze del Mare, Ancona University, Italy
Michele Sara, Dip.Te.Ris., Genoa University, Italy

Platyhelminthes, Nemertea and Aschelminthes
Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Zoomorphology and Systematics, Fuculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Annelida
Greg W. Rouse, Environmental Biology, The University of Adelaide, Australia

Arthropods other than Insects
Frederick R. Schram, Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Sven Lange, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Alessandro Minelli, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

Insects and other Hexapodous Arthropods
Denis John Brothers, School of Botany and Zoology, University of Natal, South Africa

Mollusca
Winston F. Ponder, Center for Ecolutionary Research, Australian Museum, Australia

Echinodermata
Rich Mooi, Department of Invertebrate, Zoology & Geology, California Academy of Sciences, USA

Other Invertebrate Taxa
Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, Zoomorphology and Systematics, Fuculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Tunicata and Cephalochordata
Loriano Ballarin, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy
Paolo Burighel, Department of Biology, University of Padova, Italy

8. Systematic Zoology: Vertebrates


Zuheir N. Mahmoud, Zoology Department, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Pisces
Ofer Gon, South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity, South Africa

Amphibia
Alan Channing, Department of Zoology, University of Western Cape, South Africa

Reptiles
Harold G. Cogger, Australian Museum-Sydney and Faculty of Science and Mathematics, University of Newcastle, Australia

Birds
Walter J. Bock, Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, USA

Mammals
Fenton Woody Cotterill, Zimbabwe

Primate Evolution
Judith Masters, Natal Museum, South Africa




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