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EXTREMOPHILES


Edited by : Charles Gerday and Nicolas Glansdorff,

Laboratory of Biochemistry B6, Institute of Chemistry, University of Liege, Belgium
Department of Microbiology, Vrjie Universiteit Brussel, JM Wiame Research Institute for Microbiology, Belgium


1. Extremophiles: Overview of the Biotopes


Michael Gross, Oxford Center for Molecular Sciences, New Chemistry Laboratory, UK

Phylogeny of Extremophiles
Nicolas Glansdorff, Department of Microbiology, Vrjie Universiteit Brussel, JM Wiame Research Institute for Microbiology, Belgium
Ying Xu, Department of Microbiology, Vrjie Universiteit Brussel, JM Wiame Research Institute for Microbiology, Belgium

Survival Strategies and Membrane Properties of Bacteria and Archaea in Extreme Environments
Wil N. Konings, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Sonja-Verena Albers, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Sonja M. Koning, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Arnold J.M. Driessen, Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

2. Thermophily


Gudmundur O. Hreggvidsson, Institute of Biology, University of Iceland and Prokaria Ltd, Iceland
Jakob K. Kristjansson, Institute of Biology, University of Iceland and Prokaria Ltd, Iceland

Hyperthermophilic Microorganisms
Karl O. Stetter, Lehrstuhl fur Mikrobiologie, Universitat Regensburg, Germany

Strategies of Hyperthermophiles in Nucleic Acids Adaptation to High Temperature
Patrick Forterre, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, UMR8621, Université Paris-Sud, France

Thermostability and Thermoactivity of Extremozymes
Michael John Danson, Centre for Extremophile Research, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK
David W. Hough, Centre for Extremophile Research, Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK

Unique Aspects of the Hyperthermophile Proteome
James F. Holden, Department of Biotechemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, USA
Michael W. W. Adams, Department of Biotechemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, USA

Compatible Solutes in Microorganisms that Grow at High Temperature
Milton S. da Costa, Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
Helena Santos, Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

Heat-Shock Response in Thermophilic Microorganisms
Mosè Rossi, Instituto di Biochemica Delle Proteine ed Enzimologia, CNR; Dipartimento de of Chimica Biologica, Universita "Federico II", Italy
Annamaria Guagliardi, Dipartimento de of Chimica Biologica, Universita "Federico II", Italy

Thermoactive Enzymes in Biotechnological Applications
Costanzo Bertoldo, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Institute of Technical Microbiology, Germany

Garabed Antranikian, Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Institute of Technical Microbiology, Germany

3. Psychrophily and Resistance to Low Temperature


Nicholas J. Russell, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Imperial College, University of London, UK

Ice Ecosystems and Biodiversity
Roland Psenner, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Austria
Anton Wille, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Austria
Birgit Sattler, Institute of Zoology and Limnology, University of Innsbruck, Austria
John C. Priscu, Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, USA
Marisol Felip, Department of Ecology, University of Barcelona, Spain
Dietmar Wagenbach, Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Heidelberg, Germany

Membrane Adaptation and Solute Uptake Systems
Nicholas J. Russell, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Imperial College, University of London, UK

Catalysis and Low Temperature: Molecular Adaptation
Charles Gerday, Laboratory of Biochemistry B6, Institute of Chemistry, University of Liege, Belgium
Georges Feller, Laboratory of Biochemistry B6, Institute of Chemistry, University of Liege, Belgium

Cold Shock Response in Microorganisms
Ricardo Cavicchioli, School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Australia
Neil Saunders, School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Australia
Torsten Thomas, School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Australia

Heterologous Gene Expression in Cold-Adapted Microorganisms
A. Duilio, Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy
Maria Luisa Tutino, Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy
Gennaro Marino, Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Italy

Cold-Active Enzymes as New Tools in Biotechnology
Rosa Margesin, Institute of Microbiology, University of Innsbruck, Austria

Freeze Tolerance
Kenneth B. Storey, Institute of Biochemistry and Department of Biology, Carleton University, Canada
Janet M. Storey, Institute of Biochemistry and Department of Biology, Carleton University, Canada

Freezing Avoidance in Polar Fishes
Chi-Hing C. Cheng, Department of Animal Biology, University of Illinois, USA

4. Halophily


Antonio Ventosa, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain David R. Arahal, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain

Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Hypersaline Environments and Their Biodiversity
Antonio Ventosa, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain David R. Arahal, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Spain

Osmoregulation in Halophilic Bacteria
Hans Jörg Kunte, Institute for Microbiology and Biotechnology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat Bonn, Germany

Molecular Adaptation of Halophilic Proteins
Christine Ebel, Laboratoire de Biophysique Moleculaire, Institut de Biologie Structurale, France
Dominique Madern, Laboratoire de Biophysique Moleculaire, Institut de Biologie Structurale, France
Giuseppe Zaccai, Laboratoire de Biophysique Moleculaire, Institut de Biologie Structurale, France

Ectoines: a New Type of Compatible Solutes with Great Commercial Potential
Georg Melmer, Bitop Aktiengesellschaft für Biotechnische Optimierung, Germany
Thomas Schwarz, Bitop Aktiengesellschaft für Biotechnische Optimierung, Germany

5. Alkalophily


Terry Ann Krulwich, Department of Biochemistry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, USA

Alkaline Environments and Biodiversity
Wlliam D. Grant, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Leicester, UK

Adaptation Processes in Alkalophiles by Elevating the Cell Wall Acidity
Rikizo Aono, Department of Biological Information, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

6. Metallophiles and Acidophiles in Metal-Rich Environments


Max Mergeay, Laboratory for Microbiology, Center of Studies for Nuclear Energy, SCK/CEN, Belgium

Ecology and Biodiversity of Extremely Acidophilic Microorganisms
Douglas Eric Rawlings, Department of Microbiology, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
D. Barrie Johnson, School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, UK

Ion Transport in Acidophiles
A.C. Matin, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, USA

Transport Systems in Metallophiles
Christopher Rensing, Department of Soil, Water, and Environment Science, University of Arizona, USA

Efflux Systems in Metallophiles
Christopher Rensing, Department of Soil, Water, and Environment Science, University of Arizona, USA
Gregor Grass, Department of Soil, Water, and Environment Science, University of Arizona, USA

7. Piezophily: Prokaryotes Exposed to Elevated Hydrostatic Pressure


Daniel Prieur, UMRS CNRS 6539, Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, Institut Universitaire Europeen de la Mer, France

Characteristics of Deep-Sea Environments and and Biodiversity of Piezophilic Organisms
Chiaki Kato, Department of Marine Ecosystems Research, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center(JAMSTEC), Japan
Koki Horikoshi, Department of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Japan

Pressure Effects on Biomolecules
Karel Heremans, Department of Chemistry, Katolieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium

Piezophiles: Microbial Adaptation to the Deep-Sea Environment
Eric E. Allen, Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, USA
Douglas H. Bartlett, Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, USA

Enzymes from Deep-Sea Microorganisms
Hideto Takami, Microbial Genome Research Group, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Japan




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